Speakers and contributions

J. Kooroshy, The Hague Center for Strategic Studies, is a policy analyst at the Hague Centre for Strategic Studies (HCSS), is specialized in geo-economics and global commodity markets. He is an expert on the political economy of rare metal supply and provides strategic decision making support amongst others to the European Union and the Dutch government.

“The new resource race – drivers and implications” - General setting and outline how chemical & process industries fit in the broader picture/ what the expectations are towards the sector. More efficient material use and input in R&D into the improved recycling of rare metals.

 

Prof.dr. S.R.A. Kersten and prof. dr.ir. G. Brem,  - Biomass- , University of Twente. 
Kersten started his career at ECN, the Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands. He is currently working as professor of Chemical Engineering at the University of Twente focusing on the thermo-chemical conversion of biomassa”

"Heat, Power, Fuels and Chemicals from Biomass"
In the first part of the talk, biomass is introduced as renewable feedstock for fuels and chemicals. The potential role of biomass in the future energy-mix and hurdles to be overcome for implementation of large volumes of biofuels and bio-chemicals are discussed. Special attention is asked for the consequences of the mineral balances (e.g. phosphor) when transporting and using large volumes of biomass. Biomass is put forward as both an interesting feed in the upcoming transition period in which biomass feeds are integrated with the existing fossil industry and as feed for full replacement.
The second part deals with the biorefinery concept and shows our vision on such a refinery: a complex of biotechnological conversions, thermochemical conversions and separations producing food, feed, heat, power, fuels and chemicals. Selecting plant capacities in all parts of the chain in relation to the market volumes of the intermediate- and end-products and logistic strategies defines the complexity of developing sustainable and economical feasible biorefinery systems.
The case that we discuss deals with liquefaction of biomass (residues from agriculture and forestry) and the subsequent upgrading of the produced liquid (called pyrolysis oil) to power, transportation fuels and chemicals. Technological and logistic concepts for centralized and decentralized scenarios are shown. Latest results of the UT groups are presented.

 


Dr. W. Seyfert, Chemicals Research and Engineering, Chemical and Process Engineering, BASF SE, Ludwigshafen, Germany. Dr. W. Seyfert studied Chemistry at the University of Darmstadt. Since 1985 he fulfils different Process Development, Production and management positions within BASF in Germany, Belgium and in USA. First in isocyanates, polyurethanes areas, later on as senior vice president of “Process Catalysts & Technologies”. Since 2010 he is Head of R & D Department “Chemical and Process Engineering”, BASF SE Ludwigshafen.

“Raw materials scarcity – challenges and opportunity” Raw material scarcity has become a challenge far beyond carbon sources. Materials like precious metals, rare earths or phosphorous are prominent examples. The first part of the presentation shows the situation of such raw material supply from a BASF perspective. It highlights the BASF specific challenges for such raw materials.
In the second part specific examples are presented on how BASF is approaching the issue. Four different ways to tackle the topic will be elaborated:
1. Creating value for the chemical business through yield improvements in oil exploration.
2. Increasing competitiveness through efficiency improvement demonstrated with the example of precious metal catalyst.
3. Recycling of metals (automotive catalyst).
4. Offering solutions to replace scarce resource materials.
Through innovation BASF is on its way to turn the challenges into an opportunity.

 

Prof.dr.ir. J.W.M. Noordermeer, Elastomer Technology and Engineering, University of Twente, is since 2000 full-time professor of Elastomer Technology and Engineering.

“Mobility: Will rubber tyres survive future material scarcity?” Mobility is one of the greatest achievements of modern society. Automotive transport plays a dominant role, consuming ± 1/3 of all oil recovered daily and generating appr. 2.5 x 109 tons of CO2. Tyres are indispensable elements in modern cars, but these consume appr. 1/3 of the net energy derived from fuels by the need to overcome their rolling resistance. Reduction of rolling resistance has been and still is a major subject of research within the tyre industry and academia in order to minimize oil consumption and CO2-emissions. Another threat to tyres is, that zinc is becoming a scarce material. However, tyres contain appr. 2 wt% of zinc-oxide for various performance needs, in particular for vulcanization. Without zinc-oxide no tyres (anymore?).

 

Prof.dr. K. Lammertsma, Dept. of Chemistry & Pharmacochem, VU University, Amsterdam, is member of the National Platforms on Material Scarcity and Nutrients and also for NWO/CW involved in these topics. Organophosphorus chemistry is his prime research area with an increasing focus on finding solution toward phosphorus sustainability in chemical processes. 

 “Material Scarcity – in Search of Solutions”. The presentation focuses on resource sustainability, such as phosphorus and rare earth elements, the interrelationship of resources, and possible consequences of scarcity.

 

Ir. H.D. van der Zande, OCI Nitrogen. Currently Manager Business Intelligence and Strategy at OCI Nitrogen, the European Fertilizer production company within Orascom Construction Industries, a leading international construction contractor and fertilizer producer based in Cairo, Egypt, with an estimated 5 billion USD turnover and 1 billion USD EBITDA in 2010. OCI Nitrogen was formed after the acquisition of the former DSM Agro and DSM Melamine business groups by OCI in June 2010.
Having worked in the fertilizer industry for over 10 years in several commercial and marketing functions, current focus is on future growth and expansion of the fertilizer business in OCI Nitrogen.
Has held previous commercial and senior marketing functions in New Business Development, Thermoplastic Elastomers, Engineering Plastics, and Agro within DSM from 1988 till 2010.

“The role of Fertilizers in Global Food Security and Climate Change”. With a growing world population and growing economic development the demand for food is rapidly increasing, putting more and more pressure on restrained agricultural land. Today already more than half of the global population is fed through the use of fertilizers, requiring the use of valuable resources such as natural gas, phosphorous rock and potash deposits. As for all three only limited amounts are available on earth, and in the current food cycle these resources or nutrients are lost, scarcity will put an enormous restraint on the potential future growth. Although current amounts are still sufficient for many decades of fertilizer and thus food production, there are no alternatives for these nutrients, and thus the longer term food availability is at risk.
Production of Nitrogen fertilizers requires the use of natural gas, and thus CO2 emission, further aggravating global warming up. Measures taken by the European Commission to reduce CO2 emissions will put new restraints to the European fertilizer industry.
The design of a sustainable food production chain will require a strong redevelopment of current processes, improving both efficiency and effectiveness, as well as developing alternative routes to maintain nutrients in the food cycle.

 

Ir. A.C.G. de Kok, is the R&D Director for Dow’s Alternative Feedstock program in Hydrocarbons R&D. De Kok joined Dow in 1977 at Terneuzen, The Netherlands in the Analytical Development Department. In 1986, he moved to Engineering Plastics R&D/TS&D where he held various roles in product and process R&D and TS&D.
In 2004, De Kok moved to Stade, Germany as Global Process R&D Director for Chemicals and Intermediates. In April 2006, De Kok moved back to Terneuzen to become R&D Director for Dow’s Styrene Polymers technology area. He was named in his current role in November 2008. 

"Alternative Feedstocks for the Chemical Industry - A Dow Perspective". Industrial feedstocks are raw materials used to make industrial products and thousands of consumer goods. Chemical feedstocks account for over 70% of the production cost for most chemical plants. Dow crackers globally convert over 2,3 million kilograms of feedstock every hour!
The rising costs and volatility of oil and gas has compelled the Chemical industry to recognize the need for alternative feedstocks.
Alternative feedstocks will provide flexibility and reduce industry's dependence on conventional oil and gas feedstock, enhance security, competitiveness, environmental performance, green jobs, energy, and carbon reductions. This presentation will focus on the processes for the conversion of coal, biomass, natural gas and other carbon-bearing materials to chemicals 

 

Prof.dr.ir. L. Lefferts, Catalytic Processes and Materials, University of Twente. Leon Lefferts was trained as a chemical engineer at Twente University and received his PhD in 1987. The Royal Dutch Chemical Society awarded his thesis with the Catalysis Prize of the section Catalysis.
He continued to specialize on heterogeneous catalysis and joined the DSM Research laboratories, working on catalyst characterization, hydrogenation, slurry phase catalysis, carbon supported metals and kinetics.
He was appointed full professor “Catalytic Processes and Materials” at Twente University in 1999. He has been visiting professor at Tokyo Institute of Technology. His research interests within the field of applied heterogeneous catalysis include selective oxidation, heterogeneous catalysts in liquid phase, and catalysis for sustainable processes for fuels and chemicals. He (co-)authored 120 peer-reviewed scientific publications and three patents.

"Catalysis and Resources; Problem or Solution?" Two aspects will be explored: Catalytic processes generate solutions for resource problems. Catalytic processes can also generate resource problems.

 

Prof. Dr. H. Kukko began his working career with research and development of concrete technology. He has studied later also other inorganic building materials and the use of mineral by-products. He was nominated to the professorship in this area in 1992. He has been working with the use of various materials for improved industrial, economical and ecological performance in building. His tasks have included working with material development and ecological questions in projects in Saudi Arabia, China, Japan and USA. He also has been active in managerial assignments such as team, research area and knowledge centre leader in several occasions.
He participates currently in strategic planning of development programs for the extractive industry, including the Finnish Mineral Strategy, the National Research Programme "Green Mining" and VTT´s spearhead programme "Green Solutions for Water and Waste".

“Earth resources – Implications for chemical processes, materials and final products”. Resource-efficiency means a paradigm change in material and energy basis of societies. Materials shall be saved, recycled and reused.
Technologies for secondary use of materials through material and energy recovery reduce the demand for primary materials, as well as environmental pressures related to their extraction (e.g. land and ecosystem disruption). In the absence of appropriate material recovery and recycling, many valuable materials contained in waste are lost. Modern society’s dependence on minerals has grown over a long period and no change to this trend can be seen. Scarcity or geographical uneven distribution of critical materials will speed up the development of technologies for recovery of critical materials from nature, complex waste and side stream matrices.
The need for sustainable use of resources due to higher costs and uncertainty in provision implies a rising interest in waste valorisation and utilisation of secondary material as raw material and develops new industrial ecology concepts. There will be a need for developing solutions for material intensive industry, preventing waste generation or utilising waste.
The presentation will further give an examples of cost efficient valorisation and extraction of valuable minerals from waste from the metal and recycling industry.